Sunday, November 29, 2009



Shivaji established a regular stand­ing army and greatly improved its morale and discipline. His army was mostly composed of cavalry and infantry. Shivaji did not allow women in the military camps. A special feature of his military administration was the maintenance of a large number of forts. Shivaji also pro­vided the Marathas with an efficient naval system.

Military Organisation

(i) Foot soldiers : Guerilla Warfare (most efficient).

(ii) Bargis : A part of the cavalry, formally recruited with fixed pay and horses and equip­ment provided by the state

(iii) Silahdars : A part of the cavalry, recruited infor­mally; required to maintain their own horses and equipment; entitled for a share in war-booty but not for a regular pay

Other posts

(i) Sar-i-nauhat (senapati)
(ii) Qilandars
(iii) Nayak
(iv) Havaldar
(v) Jumaladar
(vi) Ek Hazari


(i) Ghuraw
(ii) Gallivat

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